myshsrank | December 15, 2020 |
Aquaculture is an applied science that deals with the culture of numerous aquatic organisms in a wide range of culture environment (from sea enclosures to semi- extensive ponds and high-tech recirculation systems). Aquaculture is often referred to as the aquatic equivalent of agriculture and it includes the production of freshwater and marine fish, molluscs (including oysters), crustaceans (shrimps, prawns) and aquatic plants such as seaweed.
Aquaculture also focuses on the biological, physical and chemical integrity of water bodies, economic and social driving factors necessary for the sustainable production of fish and other aquatic organisms. Aquaculture experts design aquaculture systems, employ scientific techniques, and practical skills and business strategies to improve aquatic resource management.
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
At the end of the programme, students are expected to:
• Demonstrate a sound understanding of the biology of aquaculture organisms, their breeding, genetics, nutrition and water quality issues relevant to aquaculture.
• Be able to build aquaculture infrastructure and solve engineering issues relevant to aquaculture ventures.
• Employ knowledge of health and safety issues in aquaculture ventures.
• Apply scientific techniques, practical skills and business management strategies to improve aquatic resource management.
• Be able to manage and operate an aquaculture business.
Declining fish populations around the world as a result of overfishing, pollution and human impacts demand a change in current fishing practices. For this reason, Aquaculture is seen as an important source of meeting the fish stock deficit. Currently, Aquaculture is responsible for one third of the fish consumed globally.
However, as aquaculture production continues to grow, so do concerns over its impacts on the environment and wild fish species. In order to address these issues; the general consensus is the need for applications of scientific techniques, micro business strategies, sensitisation of producers and consumers in addition to effective regulation
Students are assessed through a combination of assignments, examinations and projects.
Lectures, class discussion and practical tutorials.
Career opportunities in Aquaculture range from self-employment to public, private and educational sectors. An Aquaculture graduate may work directly in a farm that breeds fish for local consumption or export; and Aquaculture related services in hatcheries, construction, processing and marketing.
Source: Johnny Doe